Angiography is one of the most important tests to detect heart diseases. It is mainly used to find out blockages in a coronary artery. The main function of coronary arteries is to supply blood to heart muscles. Coronary Angiography is an x-ray technique in which dye is injected into the chambers of heart or the arteries which are leading to heart (known as coronary arteries) while doctor monitors blood flow through the heart on X-ray screen. Dr. Jadhav’s Heart Care is well equipped with all types of advanced medical facilities to cure any complicated and severe heart diseases.
Angiography test is also known as a Cardiac Angiogram, Catheter Arteriography, or Cardiac Catheterization. Cardiologist instructs Angiography test if patient has health problems such as:
- Symptoms of coronary artery disease, most common is chest pain (angina)
- Pain in your chest, jaw, neck or arms
- New or increasing chest pain (unstable angina)
- Congenital heart disease – Abnormality present at birth
- Abnormal results on a noninvasive heart stress test
- Other blood vessel problems or a chest injury
- A heart valve problem that requires surgery
Benefits of Angiography
- Angiography can eliminate the need for surgery. If surgery is necessary then it can be performed more accurately.
- Angiography can detect narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels so that corrective measures can be taken immediately
- Angiography provides more precise anatomical detail of small blood vessels than other imaging tests.
- Many patients undergo Angiography to diagnose blood vessel problems.
- Coronary Angiography is faster, non-invasive and has a very fewer complications.
- Angiography is a useful way to detect arterial (such as narrowing of blood vessels in the heart) and structural abnormalities of the heart if symptoms are not clearly seen.
- There is also potentially less discomfort because contrast material is injected into an arm vein.
- No radiation remains in a patient’s body after the Angiography.
- X-rays used in Angiography do not have any major side effects.
Procedures of Angiography
- Doctor asks patient to sleep on back. X ray cameras move around and over the head as well as chest to take pictures from many angles.
- An IV line is inserted into a vein in patient’s arm. Sedative is given to patient through the IV for relaxation as well as other medications and fluids are also given.
- Patient feels sleepy during the procedure but able to follow all instructions given by the doctor.
- Electrodes on the patient’s chest continuously monitor heart throughout the Angiography process.
- Doctors also monitor patient’s blood pressure and amount of oxygen in the blood.
- A flexible tube which is known as catheter is inserted from the patient’s arm or groin area. This area is made numb by local anesthetic.
- A plastic tube (sheath) is inserted into artery through a small incision. Then a Catheter is inserted through this sheath into patient’s blood vessel and carefully threaded to heart or coronary arteries.
- Finally Dye (contrast material) is injected through the Catheter. Dye is easy to see on X ray images. When dye moves through patient’s blood vessels, doctor observes its flow and easily identifies blockages in coronary arteries.
- After getting Angiograms, the catheter is removed from patient’s arm or groin area and incision is closed.
- Doctor monitors patient health condition regularly for few hours. After feeling stable, patient can go home on same day.
If Angiograms show blockages in one or more arteries then doctor can perform balloon angioplasty or a stent placement to open up a narrowed artery by inserting additional catheter at the same time.
Dr. Jadhav’s Heart Care provides world class emergency Cardiac treatment services to every heart disease.